Product Description

SWC-I Series-Light-Duty Designs Cardan shaft
Designs

Data and Size of SWC-I Series Universal Joint Couplings
 

Type Desian
Data
Item
SWC-I
   58 
SWC-I
   65
SWC-I
   75
SWC-I
  90
SWC-I
  100
SWC-I
120
SWC-I
150
SWC-I
180
SWC-I
200
SWC-I
225
A L 255 285 335 385 445 500 590 640 775 860
Lv 35 40 40 45 55 80 80 80 100 120
m(kg) 2.2 3.0 5.0 6.6 9.5 17 32 40 76 128
B L 150 175 200 240 260 295 370 430 530 600
m(kg) 1.7 2.4 3.8 5.7 7.7 13.1 23 28 55 98
C L 128 156 180 208 220 252 340 348 440 480
m(kg) 1.3 1.95 3.1 5.0 7.0 12.3 22 30 56 96
  Tn(N·m) 150 200 400 750 1250 2500 4500 8400 16000 22000
  Tf(N·m) 75 100 200 375 630 1250 2250 4200 8000 11000
  β(°) 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25
  D 52 63 72 92 100 112 142 154 187 204
  Df 58 65 75 90 100 120 150 180 200 225
  D1 47 52 62 74.5 84 101.5 130 155.5 170 196
  D2(H9) 30 35 42 47 57 75 90 110 125 140
  D3 38 38 4 50 60 70 89 102 114 140
  Lm 32 39 45 52 55 63 85 87 110 120
  k 3.5 4.5 5.5 6.0 8.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 15.0
  t 1.5 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 3.0 4.0 4.0 5.0
  n 4 4 6 4 6 8 8 8 8 8
  d 5.1 6.5 6.5 8.5 8.5 10.5 13 15 17 17
  MI(kg) 0.14 0.16 0.38 0.38 0.53 0.53 0.87 0.87 1.65 2.14
Flange bolt size M5 M6 M6 M8 M8 M10 M12 M14 M16 M16
Tightening torque(N·m) 7 13 13 32 32 64 110 180 270 270

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
 

Brief Introduction

Processing flow

Applications
  
                                                                                                                                                                 

Quality Control                                                                                                                                                                                                

       
 

      

Condition: New
Color: Red
Certification: ISO
Structure: Double
Material: Alloy Steel
Type: Retractable
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

pto shaft

How do PTO shafts ensure efficient power transfer while maintaining safety?

PTO (Power Take-Off) shafts play a crucial role in ensuring efficient power transfer from a power source to driven machinery or equipment, while also maintaining safety. These shafts are designed with various features and mechanisms to optimize power transmission efficiency and mitigate potential hazards. Here’s a detailed explanation of how PTO shafts achieve efficient power transfer while prioritizing safety:

1. Mechanical Power Transmission: PTO shafts serve as mechanical linkages between the power source, typically a tractor or engine, and the driven machinery. They transmit rotational power from the power source to the equipment, enabling efficient transfer of energy. The mechanical design of PTO shafts, including their diameter, length, and material composition, is optimized to minimize power losses during transmission, ensuring that a significant portion of the power generated by the source is effectively delivered to the machinery.

2. Universal Joints and Flexible Couplings: PTO shafts are equipped with universal joints and flexible couplings that allow for angular misalignment and flexibility in movement. Universal joints accommodate variations in the alignment between the power source and the driven machinery, enabling smooth power transfer even when the two components are not perfectly aligned. Flexible couplings help to compensate for slight misalignments, reduce vibration, and prevent excessive stress on the shaft and connected components, thereby enhancing efficiency and reducing the risk of mechanical failure or damage.

3. Constant Velocity (CV) Joints: CV joints are often used in PTO shafts to maintain constant speed and torque transfer, particularly in applications where the driven machinery requires flexibility or operates at different angles. CV joints allow for smooth power transmission without significant fluctuations, even when the driven machinery is at an angle relative to the power source. By minimizing speed variations and power loss due to changing angles, CV joints contribute to efficient power transfer while ensuring consistent performance and reducing the likelihood of mechanical stress or premature wear.

4. Safety Guards and Shields: Safety is a paramount consideration in the design of PTO shafts. Protective guards and shields are installed to cover the rotating shaft and other moving parts. These guards act as physical barriers to prevent accidental contact with the rotating components, significantly reducing the risk of entanglement, injury, or damage. Safety guards are typically made of durable materials such as metal or plastic and are designed to allow the necessary movement for power transmission while providing adequate protection. Regular inspection and maintenance of these guards are crucial to ensure their effectiveness in maintaining safety.

5. Shear Bolt or Slip Clutch Mechanisms: PTO shafts often incorporate shear bolt or slip clutch mechanisms as safety features to protect the driveline components and prevent damage in case of excessive torque or sudden resistance. Shear bolts are designed to shear or break when the torque exceeds a predetermined threshold, disconnecting the PTO shaft from the power source. This helps prevent damage to the shaft, driven machinery, and power source. Slip clutches work similarly by allowing the PTO shaft to slip when excessive resistance is encountered, protecting the components from overload. These mechanisms act as safety measures to maintain the integrity of the PTO shaft and associated equipment while minimizing the risk of mechanical failures or accidents.

6. Compliance with Safety Standards: PTO shafts are designed and manufactured to comply with relevant safety standards and regulations. Manufacturers follow guidelines and requirements set by organizations such as the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) or other regional safety authorities. Compliance with these standards ensures that PTO shafts meet specific safety criteria, including torque capacity, guard design, and other safety considerations. Users can rely on standardized PTO shafts that have undergone testing and certification, providing an additional layer of assurance regarding their safety and performance.

7. Operator Education and Training: To ensure safe and efficient operation, it is essential for operators to receive proper education and training on PTO shafts. Operators should be familiar with the specific safety features, maintenance requirements, and safe operating procedures for the PTO shafts used in their applications. This includes understanding the importance of using appropriate personal protective equipment, regularly inspecting the equipment for wear or damage, and following recommended maintenance schedules. Operator awareness and adherence to safety protocols significantly contribute to maintaining a safe working environment and maximizing the efficiency of power transfer.

In summary, PTO shafts ensure efficient power transfer while maintaining safety through their mechanical design, incorporation of universal joints and CV joints, installation of safety guards and shields, implementation of shear bolt or slip clutch mechanisms, compliance with safety standards, and operator education. By combining these features and practices, PTO shafts provide reliable and secure power transmission, minimizing power losses and potential risks associated with their operation.

pto shaft

Are there any limitations or disadvantages associated with PTO shafts?

While PTO (Power Take-Off) shafts offer numerous advantages in terms of power transfer and versatility, they also have certain limitations and disadvantages. It’s important to consider these factors when using PTO shafts to ensure safe and efficient operation. Here’s a detailed explanation of some limitations and disadvantages associated with PTO shafts:

1. Safety Hazards: One of the primary concerns with PTO shafts is the potential for safety hazards. PTO shafts rotate at high speeds and can pose a significant risk if not properly guarded or handled. Accidental contact with an exposed or inadequately shielded PTO shaft can result in severe injuries, including entanglement, amputation, or even fatalities. It is crucial to follow safety guidelines, implement proper guarding, and ensure that operators are well-trained on safe handling practices to mitigate these risks.

2. Maintenance and Lubrication: PTO shafts require regular maintenance and lubrication to ensure optimal performance and longevity. The moving parts, such as universal joints and splines, need to be inspected, cleaned, and lubricated at recommended intervals. Neglecting maintenance can lead to premature wear, decreased efficiency, and potential failures. Proper maintenance practices, including regular inspections and timely lubrication, are essential to mitigate these issues.

3. Alignment and Angles: PTO shafts rely on proper alignment and angles to ensure efficient power transfer. Misalignment or excessive angles between the power source and driven machinery can cause increased wear and strain on the components, leading to premature failure. Ensuring proper alignment and angle adjustment, using adjustable sliding yokes or other means, is important to prevent excessive stress on the PTO shaft and associated equipment.

4. Length Limitations: PTO shafts have limitations on their maximum and minimum length due to engineering constraints. The telescoping design allows for some adjustment, but there is a practical limit to how much the shaft can extend or retract. If the distance between the power source and driven machinery exceeds the maximum or falls below the minimum length of the PTO shaft, alternative solutions or modifications may be required. In some cases, additional components such as drive shaft extensions or gearboxes may be necessary to bridge the distance.

5. Compatibility: While manufacturers strive to ensure compatibility, there can still be challenges in finding the right PTO shaft for specific equipment configurations. Equipment may have unique requirements in terms of spline sizes, torque ratings, or connection methods that may not be readily available or compatible with off-the-shelf PTO shafts. Customization may be required to address these compatibility issues, which can result in increased costs or lead times.

6. Noise and Vibrations: PTO shafts in operation can generate significant noise and vibrations, especially at higher speeds. This can be a nuisance for operators and may require additional measures to reduce noise levels or dampen vibrations. Excessive vibrations can also affect the overall performance and lifespan of the PTO shaft and connected equipment. Implementing vibration dampeners or using flexible couplings can help mitigate these issues.

7. Power Limits: PTO shafts have specific power limits based on their design, materials, and components. Exceeding these power limits can lead to premature wear, component failures, or even shaft breakage. It is crucial to understand and adhere to the recommended power ratings for PTO shafts to ensure safe and reliable operation. In some cases, upgrading to a higher-capacity PTO shaft or implementing additional power transmission components may be necessary to accommodate higher power requirements.

8. Complex Installation and Removal: Installing and removing PTO shafts can be a complex process, especially in confined spaces or when dealing with heavy equipment. It may require aligning splines, engaging couplings, and securing locking mechanisms. Improper installation or removal techniques can lead to damage to the shaft or associated equipment. Proper training, handling equipment, and following manufacturer guidelines are essential to simplify and ensure the safe installation and removal of PTO shafts.

Despite these limitations and disadvantages, PTO shafts remain widely used and valuable components for power transfer in various industries. By addressing these considerations and implementing proper safety measures, maintenance practices, and alignment procedures, the potential drawbacks of PTO shafts can be effectively mitigated, allowing for safe and efficient operation.

pto shaft

How do PTO shafts handle variations in speed and torque requirements?

PTO shafts (Power Take-Off shafts) are designed to handle variations in speed and torque requirements between the power source (such as a tractor or engine) and the driven machinery or equipment. They incorporate various mechanisms and components to ensure efficient power transmission while accommodating the different speed and torque demands. Here’s a detailed explanation of how PTO shafts handle variations in speed and torque requirements:

1. Gearbox Systems: PTO shafts often incorporate gearbox systems to match the speed and torque requirements between the power source and the driven machinery. Gearboxes allow for speed reduction or increase and can also change the rotational direction if necessary. By using different gear ratios, PTO shafts can adapt the rotational speed and torque output to suit the specific requirements of the driven equipment. Gearbox systems enable PTO shafts to provide the necessary power and speed compatibility between the power source and the machinery they drive.

2. Shear Bolt Mechanisms: Some PTO shafts, particularly in applications where sudden overloads or shock loads are expected, use shear bolt mechanisms. These mechanisms are designed to protect the driveline components from damage by disconnecting the PTO shaft in case of excessive torque or sudden resistance. Shear bolts are designed to break at a specific torque threshold, ensuring that the PTO shaft separates before the driveline components suffer damage. By incorporating shear bolt mechanisms, PTO shafts can handle variations in torque requirements and provide a safety feature to protect the equipment.

3. Friction Clutches: PTO shafts may incorporate friction clutch systems to enable smooth engagement and disengagement of power transfer. Friction clutches use a disc and pressure plate mechanism to control the transmission of power. Operators can gradually engage or disengage the power transfer by adjusting the pressure on the friction disc. This feature allows for precise control over torque transmission, accommodating variations in torque requirements while minimizing shock loads on the driveline components. Friction clutches are commonly used in applications where smooth power engagement is essential, such as in hydraulic pumps, generators, and industrial mixers.

4. Constant Velocity (CV) Joints: In cases where the driven machinery requires a significant range of movement or articulation, PTO shafts may incorporate Constant Velocity (CV) joints. CV joints allow the PTO shaft to accommodate misalignment and angular variations without affecting power transmission. These joints provide a smooth and constant power transfer even when the driven machinery is at an angle relative to the power source. CV joints are commonly used in applications such as articulated loaders, telescopic handlers, and self-propelled sprayers, where the machinery requires flexibility and a wide range of movement.

5. Telescopic Designs: Some PTO shafts feature telescopic designs that allow for length adjustment. These shafts consist of two or more concentric shafts that slide within each other, providing the ability to extend or retract the PTO shaft as needed. Telescopic designs accommodate variations in the distance between the power source and the driven machinery. By adjusting the length of the PTO shaft, operators can ensure proper power transmission without the risk of the shaft dragging on the ground or being too short to reach the equipment. Telescopic PTO shafts are commonly used in applications where the distance between the power source and the implement varies, such as in front-mounted implements, snow blowers, and self-loading wagons.

By incorporating these mechanisms and designs, PTO shafts can handle variations in speed and torque requirements effectively. They provide the necessary flexibility, safety, and control to ensure efficient power transmission between the power source and the driven machinery. PTO shafts play a critical role in adapting power to meet the specific needs of various equipment and applications.

China Hot selling SWC-I Series Cardan Shaft/Pto Shaft with ISO Certification  China Hot selling SWC-I Series Cardan Shaft/Pto Shaft with ISO Certification
editor by CX 2023-08-31